Beekeeping has continued to be implemented successfully during this monitoring period under review with the most noticeable part being the number of occupied hives, which stands at approximately 50% of a total of 730 KTB which, have been distributed to 287 beneficiaries across the project area. This activity has shown to improve livelihoods in general but especially during lean times when other crops have faltered or as an additional income source.
A total of 4,631 kg of honey was produced during the 2014/2015 harvest which was a respectable 1,061 kg increase from the 3,570 kg recorded in 2013. However in 2015/2016 there was 3,442 kg of honey recorded, which was an almost equal decrease by 1,189 kg of honey produced. The reason for this decrease, although not scientifically proven by the project is attributed to the very dry season experienced over this time where rainfall was below average and it was considered a drought year. This resulted in very little to no food and water available to the bees, so many occupied hives had very little to no honey to harvest because it was seen that the bees were sustaining themselves from their own honey.
Below is the breakdown of honey harvest recorded and income generated per district during the monitoring period under review:
- Binga – Total No. of Beneficiaries – 55. Total recorded honey harvested – 1,353 kg. Total recorded income $1,018.00.
- Hurungwe – Total No. of Beneficiaries – 84. Total recorded honey harvested – 2,974 kg. Total recorded income $5,485.00.
- Mbire – Total No. of Beneficiaries – 90. Total recorded honey harvested – 2,078 kg. Total recorded income $1,496.00.
- Nyaminyami – Total No. of Beneficiaries – 58. Total recorded honey harvest – 1,668 kg. Total recorded income $1,922.00.
This gives a total recorded income of $9,921. It should be noted that not all the honey harvested was sold. Some of it was consumed at household level and some of it was also barter-traded. The Kariba REDD+ Project views this as a very positive impact in the lives of the beneficiaries. An average household of 4.4 members per household equates to 1,254 direct beneficiaries alone.
The Kariba REDD+ Project aims to continue enhancing this activity through additional trainings, support of materials and assistance in establishing markets for the honey.
Please, see Map 1 below for distribution of beneficiaries of beekeeping activities implemented per ward.
Map 1. Distribution of beneficiaries of beekeeping activities implemented per ward
Photo 1. Training on beekeeping
Trainings were conducted by “Sustainable Agricultural Technologies” who provided the
trainers and training material. Training was done at district level where a central
location was used as a training center or base. In 2014, 3 separate 1 day trainings
were carried out. In 2015, training on beekeeping consisted on 3 day event per each
activity and recorded as 1 single training event per activity, covering theory and field work as well as ToT.
A breakdown of the trainings per district as follows:
- Binga –4 trainings.
- Hurungwe –4 trainings.
- Mbire –4 trainings.
- Nyaminyami - 4 trainings.